Mr. Dowling
Uncovering the American Past

How has archaeology contributed to our knowledge of The Mound Builders, Hohokams and Anasazis?

Archaeology-the study of evidence left by early people

Archaeologists study things such as stone tools, weapons, baskets, carvings, etc. to learn about early Americans.

Culture-the way people live (behavior, customs, ideas, beliefs, homes, clothes, government, family structure)

Mound Builders Hohokams Anasazis
Best known groups of Mound Builders were the Hopewells and the Mississippians.

Mounds were found from the Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi Valley and from Wisconsin to Florida.

Various cultures built earth mounds beginning 3000 years ago until the 1700s.

At first the mounds were used for burials, then for religious ceremonies.

Picture of Mounds
Lived in present day Southern Arizona

Dug networks of irrigation ditches so they could farm in the desert.

Produced corn, squash, beans
Lived in the Four Corners region(where Colorado, Utah, New Mexico and Arizona meet)

Irrigated the desert for farming.

Created a network of roads to link dozens of towns
Important for trade-cotton, sandals, blankets made of turkey feathers

Houses-large-walls of stone and adobe (sun dried brick)

The Spanish called these houses pueblos (Spanish word for village). They also called descendants of the Anasazis the Pueblos.

More Information on the Anasazis

About 1000 years ago, Anasazi villages were attacked. The Anasazis escaped the attacks by building their new homes near steep cliffs.

Click for an example of a cliff dwelling

Come back soon! Remember to re-read and re-learn!

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