Mr. Dowling
The Three-Fifths Compromise

How did the Constitutional Convention address the issue of slavery?

Questions that needed to be answered:

Would slaves be counted for population?
Would the slave trade continue to bring enslaved Africans into the United States?

Southern states wanted slavery to count for population bu not for taxation so that Southern states would have more representation in the House of Representation.

Decision: The delegates decided that 3/5 of the number of slaves would be counted in determining representation and taxation.

Slave Trade: The delegates decided that Congress could not outlaw the Atlantic Slave Trade until 1808.
All states were required to return runaways to their owners.

September 1787-the Constitution was signed, but there had to be state conventions held to approve it. (Needed the approval of 9 states)

Come back soon! Remember to re-read and re-learn!

Return to The Articles of Confederation/Constitutional Convention Menu
Return to Main Page