Mr. Dowling
Rivalry in North America

How did competition for land in North America lead to the French and Indian War?



European countries were claiming the same land. Not only did they want to control this disputed land, each nation hoped to drive the other out of North America.

Battle for Supremacy-European countries wanted to be the best (richest, most colonies, strongest army)

England had problems with the Spanish in the West Indies and the border of Georgia and Florida.

England would have even bigger problems with the French in the Ohio River Valley.

By the late 1600s, the French claimed the Ohio River Valley, the Mississippi River Valley and the Great Lakes region.

Conflict in the Ohio River Valley

1750s-British fur traders moved into the Ohio River valley (threat to French fur traders). As a result, The French built forts to protect the area.

Remember, Native Americans were originally in this area. They did not want to give up land to the French or the English.
The Native Americans took sides to protect their way of life. They hoped that if they helped the winning side in the war, the Europeans would leave them alone.

What is an alliance?
An alliance is a group of people joined together for a common purpose.
The French allies were the Algonquins, the Hurons and the Spanish.
The English allies were the Iroquois.

Remember, the Algonquins and the Iroquois hate each other.


Come back soon! Remember to re-read and re-learn!

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