What was the reaction to new immigrants in the United States?
Immigrant-a person who moves to a country to become a permanent resident.
People came to the United States because of push-pull factors.
Push-Pull Factor-a force that pushes people out of their native lands and pulls (attracts) them toward a new place
Germans and Irish
Crop Failures-Ireland-Irish Potato Famine (food shortage)
Freedom of Religion
There was a lot of land
Immigrants-labor source, growth of northern cities
Those who could afford land went to the Midwest. (Germans)
Reaction to Immigrants
Nativists-Native Born Americans who wanted to eliminate foreign influence.
"Americans must rule America."
Wanted to limit immigration, blamed immigrants for stealing native born American's jobs and for being criminals
1850s-nativists formed The Know-Nothing Party-secret party-anti-Catholic/Anti-Immigrant
1856-Millard Fillmore-21% of popular vote