Mr. Dowling
Industrial Revolution




How did the Industrial Revolution change the United States?



The Industrial Revolution began in Britain during the late 1700s. In this revolution, factory machines replaced hand tools and large scale manufacturing replaced farming as the main form of work.

Inventions:

spinning jenny-James Hargreaves-spins several threads at once (pictured above)

Powerloom-Edmund Cartwright-powered by water

Samuel Slater set up a textile factory in Rhode Island in 1790. This was the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the United States.

The Lowell Mills

1813-Francis Cabot Lowell built a factory in Massachusetts to turn cotton into finished goods.

After Lowell died, his partners built an entire factory town (Lowell, Massachusetts)

The company hired women to work in the factories. They usually worked for a few years before returning home to get married.

Problems

Child Labor
Long Hours-12 hours a day, 6 days a week
Disease-no system for garbage removal, no sewers
Pollution


Come back soon! Remember to re-read and re-learn!

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