Mr. Dowling
The First English Colonies

To what extent was initial English colonization successful?

Spain gained a large amount of riches from its American colonies. Many English people believed that England should settle in the Americas as well.

1585-Sir Walter Raleigh raises money to begin a colony

The colonists landed in Roanoke (An island off the coast of North Carolina).

Problems: low food supply
problems with Native Americans
Result: The colonists ended up sailing back home

1587-John White goes back to Roanoke with a new group. Again, supplies run low.

White returned home leaving behind 117 colonists. He planned to return shortly.
War with spain--->White returns 3 years later to find that the settlement is completely abandoned. The only thing found is CROATOAN carved into a tree in the abandoned village.

The lost colony remains a mystery.

What was the first permanent English colony in America?


The Virginia Company of London financed the settlement in America.

joint stock company-a company backed by people who put money into a project to earn profits. (less risk if the project is unsuccessful)

THe Virginia Company was given the right to establish a colony in the New World.


1. people get sick (malaria)

2. incorrectly believed that the colony had gold

3. government-13 men were chosen to rule the settlement-did very little to plan for the colony's future

What helped Jamestown grow?

1608-John Smith takes control-strict rules (If you don't work, you don't eat)
Makes an agreement with Native Americans (Powhatan) to supply corn to the English.

1612-John Rolfe introduces tobacco

indentured servants-men and women sold into labor to the person who paid for their passage. After several years they would be free.

Relationship between colonists and Powhatan grows worse over time.

Come back soon! Remember to re-read and re-learn!

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