The Emancipation Proclamation
To what extent did the Emancipation Proclamation expand the Union's goals in the Civil War?
"If I could save the Union without freeing any slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could do it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that."--Abraham Lincoln
Why was Lincoln slow to end slavery?
He did not want to anger pro-Union groups in the South or the Union states with slavery. In addition, he knew that many white Northerners opposed emancipation.
Emancipate-to set free
"On the first day of January, in the year...1863, all persons held as slaves within any state or...part of a state whose people...shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforth, and forever free."
Why was the Emancipation Proclamation important?
Freed all slaves in Confederate states
Ending slavery in the South would weaken the Confederacy
There were few Union troops in the South to enforce the proclamation. Lincoln's act freed few slaves.
Result: The Union had two goals
1. Restore the Union
2. End slavery in the Confederate states